This means that the focus of health care has shifted to one of patient responsibility, and their role in managing their own health. It is an increasing focus of health policy.
With this, has come a shift towards care and treatment moving out of the hospitals and into the community and the home, leaving patients and family with a greater responsibility for their own health.
Many health care professionals recognise that for many conditions the actions the patient takes on a day to day basis have just as much impact on outcomes, if not more, than medicines and other treatments.
A number of models of care now recognise that to get the best outcomes, patients and professionals need to work in partnership. Each taking on a role of ‘expert’ in their own area; the clinician expert in diagnosis, treatments and as a partner in care; the patient expert in their experience and how a long term condition affects their life and what they feel confident in managing.
This is generally referred to as person centered care: Person-centered care is the provision of care that places the patient at the center ensuring that the healthcare system is designed to meet the needs and preferences of patients as defined by patients themselves.